Barth, Karl


Barth, Karl
(1886–1968)
Probably the greatest Protestant theologian of the 20th cent. Born in Switzerland, Barth became internationally known for publishing a commentary in 1919 on Paul's epistle to the Romans; brilliantly translated into English by the Cambridge NT scholar Edwyn Hoskyns [[➝ Hoskyns, Edwyn Clement]], it was not so much a commentary in the established sense as a manifesto recalling the Reformed Church back to the theology of Calvin and away from liberal concessions to human culture. God was known only as he made himself known in the revelation of Jesus Christ. Human experience, even religious activities, must not be identified with the activity and will of God. Primarily therefore Barth was a dogmatic theologian and not a biblical scholar; he rejected Bultmann's [[➝ Bultmann, Rudolf]] programme of demythologization and argued for a traditional understanding of the Virgin Birth [[➝ virgin birth]] and the Resurrection [[➝ resurrection]], though he was no fundamentalist [[➝ fundamentalism]]. He welcomed the procedures of biblical criticism [[➝ criticism, biblical]], holding that the word of God is the incarnate Word, Jesus Christ, to whom the NT bears witness but cannot express the fullness of the divine Word.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • BARTH, KARL° — (1886–1968), Swiss Protestant theologian. From 1922, he served as professor of theology in various German universities. With the Nazi rise to power in Germany and the consequent split in German Protestantism, Barth helped to found the Confessing… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Barth,Karl — Barth (bärt, bärth), Karl. 1886 1968. Swiss Protestant theologian who advocated a return to the principles of the Reformation and the teachings of the Bible. His published works include Church Dogmatics (1932).   Barthʹi·an adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • Barth, Karl — (1886 1968)    German Protestant theologian    Karl Barth, one of the most important Protestant theologians of the 20th century, was the leading proponent of Neo Orthodoxy, a conservative, biblically oriented theology that became prominent after… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Barth, Karl — born May 10, 1886, Basel, Switz. died Dec. 9/10, 1968, Basel Swiss theologian. He studied at the Universities of Berlin, Tübingen, and Marburg, and in 1911–21 he was a pastor at Safenwil, Switz. The tragedy of World War I made him question the… …   Universalium

  • Barth, Karl — (1886–1968)    Theologian.    Barth was born in Basle and was educated in the nineteenth century liberal theological tradition. After the carnage of the First World War, he produced his ground breaking Commentary to the Epistle to the Romans.… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Barth, Karl — (1886 1968)    theologian; his commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (1919) led fellow theologians to compare him with Martin Luther (Pope Pius XII deemed him the greatest theologian since Thomas Aquinas). Born in Basel to a professor of church …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Barth, Karl — (1886 1968)    Barth was not a Christian philoso pher but a Christian theologian. Indeed, he rejected any form of philosophy that he thought exalted itself against God s self revelation. The acme of this was his famous review of Emil Brunner s… …   Christian Philosophy

  • BARTH, Karl — (1886 1968)    he began as a MINISTER at Geneva (1909 1911) and was for ten years (1911 1921) Pastor at Safenwil and it was here under the shadow of the war of 1914 1918, in direct relation to his pastoral responsibility, he was led to a radical… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Barth, Karl — (1886–1968) Protestant theologian, and professor at Bonn and Basel. His doctrines include the denial of the possibility of attaining any knowledge of God by the use of reason (i.e. denial of natural theology ), and renewed stress on the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Barth, Karl — ► (1886 1968) Teólogo calvinista suizo. Sus obras principales son: Carta a los romanos (1919) y Dogmática eclesiástica (1930). * * * (10 may. 1886, Basilea, Suiza–9/10 dic. 1968, Basilea). Teólogo suizo. Estudió en las universidades de Berlín,… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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